UNIT 1 Section C  Macro Item 3  Warming-up Micro Macro i1 i2  Additional

WORD BANK

 

appeal

v. make a serious, urgent, or heartfelt request

请求,呼吁

 

ban

v. officially or legally prohibit

禁止

 

bar

v. prohibit (someone) from doing something

禁止,阻挡

 

deter

v. prevent the occurrence of

阻止

 

envoy

n. a messenger or representative, especially one on a diplomatic mission

使节,特使

 

exclusive

a. restricted or limited to the person, group, or area concerned

独家的

 

ferry

n. a boat or ship for conveying passengers and goods, especially over a relatively short distance and as a regular service

渡轮

 

impose

v. force (something unwelcome or unfamiliar) to be accepted or put in place

强加

 

kidnap

v. take (someone) away illegally by force, typically to obtain a ransom

绑架

 

ministerial

a. of or relating to a government minister or ministers

部的;部长级的

 

ministry

n. a government department headed by a minister

(政府)部门

 

reject

v. dismiss as inadequate, inappropriate, or not to one's taste

拒绝;抵制;否决

 

resolve

v. settle or find a solution to (a problem, dispute, or contentious matter)

解决

 

retaliate

v. make an attack or assault in return for a similar attack

报复

 

sanction

n. a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule

制裁

 

sway

v. move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backwards and forwards or from side to side

摇动;影响

 

test-launch

试射

 

upgrade

v. raise (something) to a higher standard, in particular improve (equipment or machinery) by adding or replacing components

升级;升格

 

PROPER NAMES

Arab

阿拉伯的

 

Manmohan Singh

曼莫汉·辛格(印度第14任总理)

 

Associated Press

美联社

 

Baghdad

巴格达(伊拉克首都)

 

Ehad al-Sherif

谢里夫(人名)

 

Foreign Ministry

外交部

 

General Assembly

成员大会

 

Himalayan

喜马拉雅的

 

Islamic

伊斯兰的,伊斯兰教的

 

Kashmir

克什米尔

 

Pakistan

巴基斯坦

 

Pakistani

巴基斯坦的

 

Pervez Musharraf

佩尔韦兹·穆沙拉夫(巴基斯坦第10任总统)

 

Pyongyang

平壤(北朝鲜首都)

 

South Korea

韩国

 

Tokyo

东京(日本首都)

Item 3 

Directions: Listen to the following news recording twice and answer the questions below briefly.

1.    What has Tokyo imposed on North Korea?

2.    Why did Tokyo take such an action?

3.    What does North Korea say it will do?

4.    How many missiles were fired?      

5.    What did Japan ban North Korean officials from doing?

6.    What has South Korea rejected today?

7.    What is scheduled for next week?

点击查看答案案

1.   Sanctions,

2.   Because North Korea test-launched missiles.

3.   It will retaliate with stronger measures.

4.    Seven.      

5.    Entering Japan.

6.    North Korea '"s demand for military talks.

7.    Ministerial talks between the two Koreas.

 

 

 

 

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Listen and Check with texts in subtitle form

[00:00.37]Passage 5 Declaration of Independence
[00:06.50]When in the Course of human events,
[00:09.89]it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands
[00:15.25]which have connected them with another,
[00:17.43]and to assume among the powers of the earth,
[00:20.72]the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them,
[00:27.83]a decent respect to the opinions of mankind
[00:31.66]requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
[00:37.58]We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal,
[00:44.24]that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights,
[00:49.71]that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
[00:54.97]—That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men,
[00:59.89]deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,
[01:04.81]—That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends,
[01:10.17]it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it,
[01:14.88]and to institute new Government,
[01:17.40]laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form,
[01:23.85]as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
[01:29.87]Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established
[01:35.01]should not be changed for light and transient causes;
[01:38.84]and accordingly all experience has shown,
[01:42.12]that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable,
[01:48.14]than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.
[01:53.39]But when a long train of abuses and usurpations,
[01:57.66]pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them
[02:03.13]under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty,
[02:08.38]to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.
[02:15.06]—Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies;
[02:20.08]and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government.
[02:27.99]The history of the present King of Great Britain
[02:33.50]is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations,
[02:38.32]all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.
[02:44.99]To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.